Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


Fundamental rights are the basic rights of the citizens. According to constitution of Pakistan, all citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.

Chapter 1 of the Constitution contains articles about the fundamental rights. Articles 8 to 28 of the constitution deals with the all fundamental rights provided to the citizens of Pakistan.


Followings are the fundamental rights guaranteed to the citizens of Pakistan under constitution.


Article 8.

Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of fundamental rights to be void.

Article 9.

Security of person. No person shall be deprived of life or liberty save in accordance with law.

Article 10.

Safeguards as to arrest and detention.

Article 10A.

Right to fair trial: For the determination of his civil rights and obligations or in any criminal charge against him a person shall be entitled to a fair trial and due process.

Article 11.

Slavery, forced labour, etc. prohibited.

Article 12.

Protection against retrospective punishment.

Article 13.

Protection against double punishment and self-incrimination.

  • Article 14. Inviolability of dignity of man, etc.
  • Article 15. Freedom of movement, etc.
  • Article 16. Freedom of assembly.
  • Article 17. Freedom of association:
  • Article 18. Freedom of trade, business or profession.

Article 19.

Freedom of speech, etc. Every citizen shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, and there shall be freedom of the press, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or the integrity, security or defense of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court [commission of] or incitement to an offence.

Article 19A.

Right to information: Every citizen shall have the right to have access to information in all matters of public importance subject to regulation and reasonable restrictions imposed by law.

Article 20.

Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions.

Article 21.

Safeguard against taxation for purposes of any particular religion.

Article 22.

Safeguards as to educational institutions in respect of religion, etc.

Article 23.

Provision as to property. Every citizen shall have the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property in any part of Pakistan, subject to the Constitution and any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the public interest.

Article 24. Protection of property rights.

Article 25. Equality of citizens.

Article 26. Non-discrimination in respect of access to public places.

Article 27. Safeguard against discrimination in services.

Article 28. Preservation of language, script and culture